Unit 4D politics

  • Created by: tgrev
  • Created on: 12-03-18 11:49
what is war
a state of armed conflict between different countries or different groups within a country.
1 of 52
what is new war
post cold war era conflict, characterised by violence between state and non state, fighting for identity politics, attempts to achieve political control, external finance
2 of 52
what is old war
2 uniformed armies in interstate collision, state funds and runs the war, maintains state integrity by heightening nationalism and allowing the state to tax for the purpose of war
3 of 52
what is asymmetrical war
war between belligerents whose relative military power differs significantly, or whose strategy or tactics differ significantly.
4 of 52
what is cultural conflict
Cultural conflict is a type of conflict that occurs when different cultural values and beliefs clash. It has been used to explain violence and crime.
5 of 52
what is religious conflict
A religious war or holy war (Latin: bellum sacrum) is a war primarily caused or justified by differences in religion.
6 of 52
what is the clash of civilisations
the theory that conflict will start because of a clash of cultural and religious identities. Sammuel P Huntingdon 1997
7 of 52
what are WMD
Chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear weapons capable of a high order of destruction or causing mass casualties and exclude the means of transporting or propelling the weapon where such means is a separable and divisible part from the weapon
8 of 52
what are nuclear weapons
a bomb or missile that uses nuclear energy to cause an explosion.
9 of 52
what is nuclear proliferation
Nuclear proliferation is the spread of nuclear weapons, fissionable material, and weapons-applicable nuclear technology and information to nations not recognized as "Nuclear Weapon States" by the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
10 of 52
what is terrorism
the unlawful use of violence and intimidation, especially against civilians, in the pursuit of political aims, or financial aims
11 of 52
what is new terrorism
"new" terrorism has been focused on a perceived new threat of mass casualties caused by chemical, biological or other agents, increasingly perceived as middle eastern threat to the west
12 of 52
what is nuclear arms control
Arms control is a term for international restrictions upon the development, production, stockpiling, proliferation and usage of nukes
13 of 52
what is nuclear disarmament
Nuclear disarmament refers to both the act of reducing or eliminating nuclear weapons and to the end state of a nuclear-weapons-free world, in which nuclear weapons are completely eliminated.
14 of 52
realist argument for nukes
good for international peace and lead to responsible behavior and customs
15 of 52
liberal arguments against nukes
money wasted, destructive capacity
16 of 52
why are their worries over north korea and iran
capacity for nuclear development, and potential build up of wmd's
17 of 52
what are the implications of terrorism
panic coverage, economic disruption
18 of 52
define poverty
the state of being extremely poor.
19 of 52
define absolute poverty
a condition characterised by severe deprivation of basic human needs, including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information. It depends not only on income but also on access to services.
20 of 52
define relative poverty
Relative poverty is the condition in which people lack the minimum amount of income needed in order to maintain the average standard of living in the society in which they live.
21 of 52
define development
the process of developing or being developed.
22 of 52
define economic development
Economic development is the process by which a nation improves the economic, political, and social well-being of its people.
23 of 52
define humanists development
Human development is defined as the process of enlarging people's freedoms and opportunities and improving their well-being.
24 of 52
define orthodox development
Development is synonymous with economic growth and it is stimulated by the free market system. This view of development is reflected in modernisation theory which is a single linear path to development, reflected in the transformation of west nations
25 of 52
define alternative development
These views reject the ‘one size fits all’ implications of ‘orthodox’ thinking, preferring to look at local and regional context when planning for developing. social and cultural inclusion through respect for cultural diversity.
26 of 52
define global inequality
International inequality refers to the idea of inequality between countries
27 of 52
what is the north/south divide
The North–South divide is broadly considered a socio-economic and political divide. global north is home to the g8, north more developed
28 of 52
what is neo-colonialism
the use of economic, political, cultural, or other pressures to control or influence other countries, especially former dependencies.
29 of 52
what is international aid
Money, goods and services given by the government of one country or a multilateral institution such as the World Bank or IMF to help another country.
30 of 52
what is developing world debt
The term is typically used to refer specifically to the external debt those countries owe to developed countries and multilateral lending institutions.
31 of 52
what is a debt crisis
Debt crisis is the general term for a proliferation of massive public debt relative to tax revenues, especially in reference to Latin American countries during the 1980s, the United States and the European Union since the mid-2000s,
32 of 52
what is the washington consensus
a set of economic policies that is considered to constitute the standard reform package. Favours neo-liberal economics,macroeconomic stabilization, economic opening with respect to both trade and investment, and the expansion of market forces in econ
33 of 52
what are human rights
a right which is believed to belong to every person.
34 of 52
what are political rights
he rights that involve participation in the establishment or administration of a government and are usually held to entitle the adult citizen to exercise of the franchise, the holding of public office, and other political activities
35 of 52
what are social, economic and civil rights
ocio-economic human rights, such as the right to education, right to housing, right to adequate standard of living, right to health and the right to science and culture.
36 of 52
what is UDHR
universal declaration of human rights a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations.
37 of 52
what is cultural imperialism
the practice of promoting and imposing a culture, usually that of a politically powerful nation, over a less powerful society
38 of 52
what is international law
a body of rules established by custom or treaty and recognized by nations as binding in their relations with one another.
39 of 52
what are international courts/tribeunals
International courts are formed by treaties between nations, or under the authority of an international organization such as the United Nations
40 of 52
what is humanitarian intervention
state's use of "military force (publicly stated that its use is for ending the violation of human rights) against another state.
41 of 52
what is teh ECHR
european convention of human rights an international treaty to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms in Europe.1950
42 of 52
what is ecology
the political movement concerned with protection of the environment.
43 of 52
what is a free rider
people take advantage of being able to use a common resource, or collective good, without paying for it,
44 of 52
what is reformist environmentalism
measures taken to attempt to protect the environment while still facilitating for the demands of people
45 of 52
what is radical environmentalism
measures taken to protect the environment regardless of its economic cost
46 of 52
what is the global commons
typically used to describe international, supranational, and global resource domains in which common-pool resources are found. (Air, Ocean)
47 of 52
what is the tragedy of teh commons
a situation in a shared-resource system where individual users acting independently according to their own self-interest behave contrary to the common good of all users by depleting or spoiling that resource through their collective action.
48 of 52
what is sustainable developments
economic development that is conducted without depletion of natural resources.
49 of 52
what is climate change
a change in global or regional climate patterns, in particular a change apparent from the mid to late 20th century onwards and attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by the use of fossil fuels.
50 of 52
what is global warming
a gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth's atmosphere generally attributed to the greenhouse effect caused by increased levels of carbon dioxide, CFCs, and other pollutants.
51 of 52
what is mitigation
the action of reducing the severity, seriousness, or painfulness of something.
52 of 52

Other cards in this set

Card 2


what is new war


post cold war era conflict, characterised by violence between state and non state, fighting for identity politics, attempts to achieve political control, external finance

Card 3


what is old war


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


what is asymmetrical war


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


what is cultural conflict


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Government & Politics resources:

See all Government & Politics resources »See all 4D resources »