Medical terms explained-Letters C

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  • Created by: Keanna24
  • Created on: 22-05-20 19:51
A protein in the blood that is raised in ovarian cancer. It can also be raised in endometriosis, pregnancy and infection.
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Caesarean delivery
An operation to deliver the baby by cutting through the wall of the abdomen and the uterus. It may be done as a planned or an emergency procedure.
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A disease of the cells where cells divide uncontrolibly and can cause tumors.
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Cardiopulmonary resuscutation
a life-saving technique used in medical emergencies such as heart attack or cardiac arrest. (CPR)
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A machine which traces the baby’s heart rate and the woman’s contractions before and during birth to assess the baby’s wellbeing
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A small tube that can be passed through a part of the body
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The tiny building blocks which make up the organs and tissues of the body
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A bruise on the newborn’s head caused by a suction cup being used to help deliver the baby
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The entrance or neck of the womb
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A viral infection. If a pregnant woman catches chickenpox, it may cause problems for her baby.
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A swelling on the baby’s head as a result of a ventouse birth. It settles within a day or so
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The name for a group of blood fats. A high level of cholesterol in the blood is a major risk factor for heart attack and indirectly increases your risk of stroke
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Chocolate cysts
Cysts which form on the ovaries in some women who have endometriosis. Also known as endometriomas
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An infection inside the uterus affecting the membranes which surround the amniotic flui
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Chromosomal abnormality
A different number or arrangement of chromosomes from the usual pattern.
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The genetic structures within cells which contain our DNA (the material that carries genetic information). A normal cell contains 46 chromosomes.
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Something that persists or continues for at least six months
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Complementary therapy
Treatments and therapies that are not part of conventional medicine. Examples include acupuncture, homeopathy and herbal medicine
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Complete miscarrige
When all the tissue associated with a pregnancy has gone and the uterus is empty.
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Problems that develop after an operation, treatment or illness.
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When an egg is fertilised by sperm and then starts to grow in the womb
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A state of being, like being healthy or fit, or having a problem, such as a heart problem
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Having full control of the bladder and/or bowel
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Ways to avoid becoming pregnant
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A group of hormones which may be used to suppress the body’s immune response or to reduce inflammation. They can reduce the chance of the baby having problems from being born prematurely.
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A trained professional who helps people to make sense of feelings and issues
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When the bladder bulges into the weakened wall of the vagina. A lump may be seen or felt
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Caesarean delivery


An operation to deliver the baby by cutting through the wall of the abdomen and the uterus. It may be done as a planned or an emergency procedure.

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Cardiopulmonary resuscutation


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