Alexander III Reforms + Accomplishments

  • Created by: jilly2272
  • Created on: 31-05-17 16:35
How rapidly did the economy develop under Alexander III's rule?
8% annually, which made it the fastest growing economy at the time
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When did Count Witte became Finance Minister?
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Why did Alexander III focus on the West investing in Russia?
Because this would generate 813 million roubles between 1880-1900
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Why did Alexander III expand railway systems?
Because it was essential to Russia's growth. By focusing on this, railways were built at an exponential rate
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What happened in cities?
Peasants moved to urban areas
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What happened to the peasants who moved there?
They moved into slums and often slept by their machinery. Up to 16 people would share one apartment
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Wages and jobs were what?
Low and difficult to maintain/find. Daily hiring markets opened up in Moscow
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Sources from a labour worker said what?
That their working hours were 11.5hr a day and that they were given a 1.5hr break
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Literacy rates were higher where?
In urban areas
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Why did Russia desperately need money during Alexander III's rule?
Because from 1854-1855 Russia printed lots of money which caused inflation
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To get money, what did Russia sell?
Wheat and grain
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Why was selling this a bad decision?
The famine of 1891 was the result
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How many factory workers were there by 1914?
2.5 million (only 1.88% of the population)
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Military spending was always under what percent?
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What happened to peasants in government?
They lost representation
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Where were the secret police controlled from?
The capital, instead from district to district
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What were the Land Captains?
They were a form of supervision for local governments, as well as tax collectors
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What happened in prisons?
The conditions got worse and more people were thrown in - fear of going to prison subdued a lot of opposition
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What two banks were created in 1883?
The Peasant's Land Bank and the Noble's Land Bank. These allowed peasants to buy and sell land more easily, whilst offering lower interest rates for nobles
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By 1904 how much land did the ex-serfs own?
A third
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What censorship laws were implemented?
Newspapers/publications with 3 warnings had to send their work a day before publication, whilst libraries/reading rooms could only stock certain books
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What was created to ban "harmful" publications?
A specific commitee
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What couldn't universities do anymore?
Staff themselves - staff was now appointed
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Who were banned from secondary school?
Children of the lower-class
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Why was the famine such a public relations disaster for the government?
The fact that the people came together without the government’s incentive showed that Russia did not need autocracy, and could clearly function without it. And because the famine was such a public issue – affecting 17 of the 39 provinces, their failu
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What conclusions do you think those involved dealing with the famine drew?
Autocracy is a failing system and Alexander III did not uphold to his manifesto/promises meaning that maybe he is not fit to rule Russia. They had more power than they thought they had to create change.
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Card 2


When did Count Witte became Finance Minister?



Card 3


Why did Alexander III focus on the West investing in Russia?


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Card 4


Why did Alexander III expand railway systems?


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Card 5


What happened in cities?


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