Psychodynamic Approach

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Freud -

  • The role of the unconsious:
    • Unconscious 
    • Preconscious
    • Conscious 
  • The structure of personality:
    • id (pleasure principle)
    • superego (morality principle)
    • ego (reality principle)
  • Psychosexual stages:
    • Oral (0-1) Oral fixation - smoking, biting nails, sarcastic.
    • Anal (1-3) Anal expulsive - messy, thoughtless. Anal retentive - perfectionist, obsessive.
    • Phallic (3-5) Phallic personality - reckless, possibly homosexual. Oedipus/Electra complex.
    • Latency - Earlier conflicts are repressed.
    • Genital (Puberty) - Sexual desires become conscious. Difficulty forming hetrosexual relationships.
  • Defence mechanisms:
    • Regression (reverting back to a time before the incident)
    • Repression (Forcing a distressing memory out of the mind)
    • Denial (denying the trauma ever happened)
    • Displacement (transferring the feelings from the trauma onto something else)
  • Explanatory power:
    • the theories…

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