Eyewitness testimony: anxiety

  • Created by: gemshort
  • Created on: 19-01-18 15:44

Anxiety: a state of emotional and physical arousal, for example feeling tension and increased heart rate; this can affect the accuracy of eyewitness testimonies

Weapon-focus effect: Loftus argued that people focus on the weapon to the extent that they cannot remember other details from the event

Yerkes-Dodson curve: Yerkes predicted that different levels of anxiety have different effects on memory recall; low/high anxiety = low recall; medium anxiety = high recall

Johnson and Scott (1976)

  • Procedure: participants were led to believe they were going to take part in a lab study; whilst seated in the waiting room, participants heard an argument in the next room. In the 'low anxiety' condition, a


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