Cognitive Explanations for Offending Behaviour



  • theory of moral reasoning 
  • development levels
  • perception of right or wrong

Development Levels

  • pre-conventional level
    • the development level of children under 10 and criminals
    • obey the rules for personal gain
    • obey the rules to avoid punishment
  • conventional level
    • children over 10 and regular adults
    • obey the rules to maintain social order
    • obey the rules for approval
  • post-conventional level
    • 10% of adults
    • obey the rules based on personal ethics


  • rewards are perceived to be greater than the risks…


No comments have yet been made