• Less harsh to Germany than France had hoped: wanted them to never be strong enough to attack again
  • ToV was a blow to many Germans - they were encircled and had little chance of recovering their pre-war position
  • No German state would ever be able to accept consequences of the Treaty in the long term: negotiation would be too difficult due to hostility so another conflict seemed inevitable
  • Germans felt vulnerable for several reasons:
    • Smaller armed forces than neighbouring countries
    • Needed to defend itself against communist Russia
    • Couldn't assist German speakers in surrounding countries should they feel threatened due to limited soldiers/boats/tanks
    • Issues with money due to hyperinflation & reparations
  • Failed to pay reparations = further humiliation in 1923
  • Examples of conditions of German surrender:
    • Diktat - German delegation didn't negotiate terms; forced to accept
    • Germany blamed for war and ordered to pay reparations of £6600 million - distorted events to blame Germany & reparations threatened economy
1 of 2


  • League of Nations objective was to prevent conflicts escalating into war - however by 1933 it was clear that this was not going to happen
  • League showed early on that it had little power to control the aggression of the larger powers e.g. America wasn't in the LoN
  • USA declined to join & USSR only a member from 1934-1939 - in practice the LoN relied on GB & France
  • Didn't have its own army or committed support from major powers, therefore it was unable to prevent another major war
  • It has been argued that if the LoN could do their job properly, war wouldn't have started up again = failure of an effective international organisation
  • Nations argued it was the job of LoN to confront aggression in the name of peace
  • Powers could leave the LoN whenever they wanted - they would leave when criticised
2 of 2


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all history resources »