Classical Criminology

  • Created by: kelly
  • Created on: 24-02-16 14:10


  • The law should gurantee the rights of the accused at all stages.
  • 'It is better to prevent crimes then to punish them'
  • Punishemnt is only justifed to the extent that the offender had infringed the tights of others or for the public good.
  • The seriousness of the crime should be judge on not by the intentions of the offender but the harm to soicety.
  • Penalities should be proportionate to the crime committed, and no more what is necessary to deter bith the offender and others from committing crimes.
  • Excessive punishment does not work, does not deter but also increases crime.
  • Law should clrealy state what is forbidden, and what the punishment is for each crime.
  • Punishment should be given fast, as this associates people's minds between crime and penality.
  • The punishment should be free of corruption and prejudice.
  • Criminals owe a debt to society.
  • Punisments should be fixeed strictly in proportion to the seriousness of the crime.
  • Based on free will and hedonism.
  • All human behaviour is based on the pleasure pain principle.
  • The courts determine a perosns guilt.
1 of 5

Beccaria 3 Factors


  • The more likely you are to be punished for your actions, the less likely you are to engage in criminal behaviour.
  • The law must clearly be set out and must be consistently enforced.


  • The shorter time between the offence and the punishment according to Beccaria ‘ stronger and more lasing in the human mind is the association of these two ideas, crime and punishment, then insensibly to be considered, one as the cause, the other as the necessary inevitable effect’


  • The severity of the punishment must be significant enough to deter further misconduct, but no more significant enough to deter further misconduct.
2 of 5


  • ‘The greatest happiness of the greatest number’
  • Utilitarian.
  • People are rational creatures who will seek pleasure while avoiding pain.
  • Punishment must outweigh any pleasure gained from criminal behaviour.
  • On he other hand the law mustn’t be to harsh that reduced the greatest happiness.
  • The law should not regulate morality but only control acts that harm society that reduce the happiness of the majority.
  • Capital punishment isn’t necessary
  • He argued that on occasion torture may be used only if you have the right offender.
  • Social ction should be guided by the objective of ensuring the greatest happiness for the greatest number.
  • Punishments are negative, must be restricted to produce the desired outcome- unhappiness.
  • Operate on a scale to be proportionate to the crime, but it must be undertandable to the offender.
  • Bentham didnt like when punishment was 'unprofitable' because its evil outweighs the offence.
3 of 5

The impact of Classicism

  • Had a great impact on criminal justice system across Europe and America.
  • Punishments should be appropriate to the nature of the crime, became the foundations for the modern CJS.
  • Decline in capital punishment and torture.
  • Growth of prisons.
  • Rational Actor Model.
  • Due process and the rights of the accused came from Beccaria and Bentham.
  • Can be seen in crime as a deterrent.
4 of 5

Criticisms of Classical criminology.

  • Focuses on problems of fairness and equality.
  • Not all individuals are rational thinkers.
  • If it is based upon ideas of free will and rationality why is it always the poorest in society in the criminal justice system?
  • White and Haines
  • How can justice and Equality hold up in court with a particular defendant? Not all defendants in court act rationally and with free will.
5 of 5


tom moreton


wonderful work again steve all the best from your no.1 fan tom moreton



I want to join occult for money rituals +2349023402071 WhatsApp do not allow poverty to eliminate you, do money rituals to gain fame, riches, power, wealth, and success. Join connection brotherhood occult, How to join occult to gain all the good things in life it is not your fault if you were born poor but it is your fault if you die power +2349023402071

Greetings from the great lord lakusta, occult of wealth, fame, power, protection, riches, love, etc…. we are about to share with you a great secret but to start with……… we want to unveil a byte of what we believe and some of the meaning. Nwannedinamba occult society.. is the inclination to pursue a line of work where you carry some level of responsibility and where diplomacy is required in contact with people. the name Nwannedinamba brotherhood occult gives you the desire to understand and help others with their problems it gives us an inner strength and you become very strong in spirit. though stories and movies have said so many false stories about Nwannedinamba brotherhood occult some say they are fallen angels that come down on earth to destroy humanity some say they are sent by the devil from hell to come and destroy men and collect their destiny some say they marine spirit. The Veil of Secrecy Has Been Lifted…. it was not on our initial plan to appear on the internet or in any form of media both traditional or digital but due to the fact that we want to clear the masses curiosity and prove what we stand for, and decide to make a public notice through our press team. After many decades of secrecy and operation in the shadows, we, the illuminated ones from the core of Lucifer(shining star), must begin to form the young membership. More than ever the world needs an elite group of individuals that work to create the fate of the masses. They need us, but we must once again band together What you see in the media today was not the original plan of our organization, and It is not required that you are already super wealthy, or you are already an elite member of government or business…. you must simply seek the light, and seek a world of knowledge that you realize exists, but is not sought after by the masses, You then become enlightened You have made it to the ranks of the worlds most elite group. You have made it here because you chose to seek. Chose to seek the massive knowledge and power that is provided to those that wish to become enlightened. The path of enlightenment is not difficult, but it will not come to those who do not wish to find is for the true seekers with a brave, willing, and strong mind. Never before have we sought out in any outlet be it traditional, print, or digital media a new membership available to the public, and we are not supposed to be on the internet. But we now realize that the public is the ones who seek knowledge, and our family wishes to use it in a way that helps the masses become enlightened, and live in a way that enlightened ones do! Now is the new era of your life! join the great Nwannedinamba brotherhood occult for fame, wealth, power, protection, etc and eradicate poverty in your life and that of your family the greatest attribute of indefensible people is their capacity to become imperative to the dream and aspirations of others, the secret of happiness is the determination to be happy always, rather than wait for outer circumstance to make one happy THE BENEFITS…………………………….. 1. Spiritual and moral values The Nwannedinamba brotherhood occult family is a secret society that strives to promote spiritual and moral values. It was founded under principles of love, justice, unity, peace, and relief. The Nwannedinamba brotherhood occult brings together individuals of goodwill, irrespective of their differences and backgrounds, and ensures that these good men become better in society. 2. Prepares individuals to greatness There are many benefits of being an elite member of the great Nwannedinamba brotherhood occult such as providing you with the opportunity to fellowship and share knowledge with other members. It also gives you the opportunity to mentor those who want to achieve wealth and overall well-being. The members are reminded to appreciate ethics, morality, and principles, while others find satisfaction in advancing their positions within the society SO THE GOOD NEWS!!!…………………… call +2349023402071 to join the great connection secret society for wealth, power, fame, protection, riches, etc you shall be given an ideals chance to visit Nwannedinamba society temple situated here in Nigeria at anambra state after your thorough screening and confirmation are completed, no human sacrifice or life needed, Nwannedinamba brotherhood occult society brings along wealth and famous in life, you have full access to eradicate poverty away from your life now, build your own dream or someone else will hire you to build theirs.your time is limited so don’t spend it living someone else life It only a member who is been initiated into the fraternity of the occult society has the authority to bring any member to the fraternity, so before you contact any body you must be linked by who is already a member, but if you are lucky to come across this opportunity you are welcome to join us today and realize your dreams life is what we make it, always has been and always will be. Once you become a member you will be rich and famous for the rest of your life, a Nwannedinamba brotherhood occult society makes there member happy. dream big and dear to fail. so I will want you all to also be a member of the Nwannedinamba brotherhood occult society because that is why we are here for you.

JOIN OCCULT OF Nwannedinamba brotherhood occult IN AFRICA TO MAKE WEALTH, PROTECTION, FAME, HURRY CALL +2349023402071 NOWAre you frustrated in life? What type of wealth do you want? Today is your luckiest day, we have been given an order to recruit new members into the organization kingdom. Are you tired of poverty and now you want fame, power, and riches? Our magical powers are beyond your imagination. we could do magic on your behalf regarding, your financial situation, future events, or whatever is important to you. We have the power and we use the power. we are Nwannedinamba brotherhood occult and we could change the course of destiny. Get to us and we shall help you. Tell us what it is you want and we shall go about our work. Is it someone or something you desire to have? Do you want wealth(Want to grow your bank account?Need funds to enjoy the good life? Tired of working hard and getting nowhere?) or happiness? CALL Nwannedinamba brotherhood occult GRANDMASTER ON +2349023402071

Similar Criminology resources:

See all Criminology resources »See all Classical Criminology. resources »