Lovel's, Simnel's and Warbeck's Revolts

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  • Lovel's, Simnel's and Warbeck's Revolts
    • Lovel's Revolt 1486
      • Causes
        • Succession / Faction
      • Key Events
        • Francis Lovel - close associate of Richard III planed to kill the King
          • Along with Thomas and Humphrey Stafford who had been in sanctuary since the Battle of Bosworth
        • Lovel and the Staffords tried to raise rebellion in Worcester and the North around Middleham
        • Henry VII was tipped off and sent an army of 3,000 north
        • Lovel fled and Staffords went into sanctuary again
      • Aftermath
        • Staffords were removed from sanctuary by force
          • Thomas was forgiven, Humphrey was executed
        • Henry was unable to catch Lovel, who became involved in Simnel's Revolt
    • Simnel's Rebellion 1486-1487
      • Causes
        • Disputed Succession, factional grievances
        • Henry VII had a weak claim to the throne
        • Big rift between the houses of York and Lancaster
      • Key Events
        • Plot originated in Oxford with a similarity between Warwick and a parishioner called Simnel
        • Simnel taken to Dublin and proclaimed King
        • Margaret of Burgundy provided money and 2,000 mercenaries - Irish support followed
        • Rebels landed in Lancashire in 1487 but failed to gain support
        • Battle of Stoke Field was fought with Henry's forces winning
      • Dangerous or not?
        • Yes: occurred early in Henry's reign
        • Yes: revolt had foreign support
        • Yes: involved potentially dangerous nobles, Earl of Lincoln
        • No: Simnel changed his story from being one of the Princes in the tower, to the Earl of Warwick
        • No: Henry paraded the real Earl of Warwick in 1487
    • Warbeck's Revolt 1491-97
      • Causes
        • Factional grievances, dispute over the succession
      • Key Events
        • Warbeck arrived in Ireland convicng people he was Richard Duke of York
        • 1492 - invtied to the court of Charles VIII
          • Henry invaded France and forced the Treaty of Etaples
        • Warbeck fled to Burgundy and recognised as the rightful King of England by the Holy Roman Emperor in 1494
        • 1495 - Warbeck had a disastrous landing in Kent and fled to Ireland
        • Wabreck went to Scotland and James IV provideed him with troops for an invasion which was a disaster with limited support in England
        • 1497 - James agreed to the Truce of Ayton and stopped supporting Warbeck
        • Warbeck had a final failed landing in Cornwall and was arrested and executed in 1499
      • Dangerous or not?
        • Yes: Warbeck was on the loose for 6 years and had various amounts of foreign backing
        • Yes: Wabreck attempted two invasions of England
        • No: James IV was the only backer to provide significant support
        • No: The revolt did not reach London and Henry had fortified his position as King


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